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CSS Properties

accent-color align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backdrop-filter backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing break-after break-before break-inside caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-feature-settings font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-variant-caps font-weight gap grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens image-rendering @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top mask-image mask-mode mask-origin mask-position mask-repeat mask-size max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order orphans outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-wrap overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right row-gap scroll-behavior tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-decoration-thickness text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space widows width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS Lessons for beginners


CSS Legal Color Values

CSS Colors

Colors in CSS can be specified by the following methods:

  • Hexadecimal colors
  • Hexadecimal colors with transparency
  • RGB colors
  • RGBA colors
  • HSL colors
  • HSLA colors
  • Predefined/Cross-browser color names
  • With the currentcolor keyword

Hexadecimal Colors

A hexadecimal color is specified with: #RRGGBB, where the RR (red), GG (green) and BB (blue) hexadecimal integers specify the components of the color. All values must be between 00 and FF.

For example, the #0000ff value is rendered as blue, because the blue component is set to its highest value (ff) and the others are set to 00.


Define different HEX colors:

#p1 {background-color: #ff0000;}   /* red */
#p2 {background-color: #00ff00;}   /* green */
#p3 {background-color: #0000ff;}   /* blue */
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Hexadecimal Colors With Transparency

A hexadecimal color is specified with: #RRGGBB. To add transparency, add two additional digits between 00 and FF.


Define different HEX colors with transparency:

#p1a {background-color: #ff000080;}   /* red transparency */
#p2a {background-color: #00ff0080;}   /* green transparency */
#p3a {background-color: #0000ff80;}   /* blue transparency */
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RGB Colors

An RGB color value is specified with the rgb() function, which has the following syntax:

rgb(red, green, blue)

Each parameter (red, green, and blue) defines the intensity of the color and can be an integer between 0 and 255 or a percentage value (from 0% to 100%).

For example, the rgb(0,0,255) value is rendered as blue, because the blue parameter is set to its highest value (255) and the others are set to 0.

Also, the following values define equal color: rgb(0,0,255) and rgb(0%,0%,100%).


Define different RGB colors:

#p1 {background-color: rgb(255, 0, 0);}   /* red */
#p2 {background-color: rgb(0, 255, 0);}   /* green */
#p3 {background-color: rgb(0, 0, 255);}   /* blue */
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RGBA Colors

RGBA color values are an extension of RGB color values with an alpha channel - which specifies the opacity of the object.

An RGBA color is specified with the rgba() function, which has the following syntax:

rgba(red, green, blue, alpha)

The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque).


Define different RGB colors with opacity:

#p1 {background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.3);}   /* red with opacity */
#p2 {background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.3);}   /* green with opacity */
#p3 {background-color: rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.3);}   /* blue with opacity */
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HSL Colors

HSL stands for hue, saturation, and lightness - and represents a cylindrical-coordinate representation of colors.

An HSL color value is specified with the hsl() function, which has the following syntax:

hsl(hue, saturation, lightness)

Hue is a degree on the color wheel (from 0 to 360) - 0 (or 360) is red, 120 is green, 240 is blue. Saturation is a percentage value; 0% means a shade of gray and 100% is the full color. Lightness is also a percentage; 0% is black, 100% is white.


Define different HSL colors:

#p1 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 50%);}   /* green */
#p2 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 75%);}   /* light green */
#p3 {background-color: hsl(120, 100%, 25%);}   /* dark green */
#p4 {background-color: hsl(120, 60%, 70%);}    /* pastel green */
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HSLA Colors

HSLA color values are an extension of HSL color values with an alpha channel - which specifies the opacity of the object.

An HSLA color value is specified with the hsla() function, which has the following syntax:

hsla(hue, saturation, lightness, alpha)

The alpha parameter is a number between 0.0 (fully transparent) and 1.0 (fully opaque).


Define different HSL colors with opacity:

#p1 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 50%, 0.3);}   /* green with opacity */
#p2 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 75%, 0.3);}   /* light green with opacity */
#p3 {background-color: hsla(120, 100%, 25%, 0.3);}   /* dark green with opacity */
#p4 {background-color: hsla(120, 60%, 70%, 0.3);}    /* pastel green with opacity */
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Predefined/Cross-browser Color Names

140 color names are predefined in the HTML and CSS color specification.

For example: blue, red, coral, brown, etc:


Define different color names:

#p1 {background-color: blue;}
#p2 {background-color: red;}
#p3 {background-color: coral;}
#p4 {background-color: brown;}
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A list of all predefined names can be found in our Color Names Reference.

The currentcolor Keyword

The currentcolor keyword refers to the value of the color property of an element.


The border color of the following <div> element will be blue, because the text color of the <div> element is blue:

#myDIV {
  color: blue; /* Blue text color */
  border: 10px solid currentcolor; /* Blue border color */
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