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CSS Text Alignment

CSS Text Alignment and Text Direction

In this chapter you will learn about the following properties:

  • text-align
  • text-align-last
  • direction
  • unicode-bidi
  • vertical-align

Text Alignment

The text-align property is used to set the horizontal alignment of a text.

A text can be left or right aligned, centered, or justified.

The following example shows center aligned, and left and right aligned text (left alignment is default if text direction is left-to-right, and right alignment is default if text direction is right-to-left):


h1 {
  text-align: center;

h2 {
  text-align: left;

h3 {
  text-align: right;
Try it Yourself »

When the text-align property is set to "justify", each line is stretched so that every line has equal width, and the left and right margins are straight (like in magazines and newspapers):


div {
  text-align: justify;
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Text Align Last

The text-align-last property specifies how to align the last line of a text.


Align the last line of text in three <p> elements:

p.a {
  text-align-last: right;

p.b {
  text-align-last: center;

p.c {
  text-align-last: justify;
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Text Direction

The direction and unicode-bidi properties can be used to change the text direction of an element:


p {
  direction: rtl;
  unicode-bidi: bidi-override;
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Vertical Alignment

The vertical-align property sets the vertical alignment of an element.


Set the vertical alignment of an image in a text: 

img.a {
  vertical-align: baseline;

img.b {
  vertical-align: text-top;

img.c {
  vertical-align: text-bottom;

img.d {
  vertical-align: sub;

img.e {
  vertical-align: super;
Try it Yourself »

The CSS Text Alignment/Direction Properties

Property Description
direction Specifies the text direction/writing direction
text-align Specifies the horizontal alignment of text
text-align-last Specifies how to align the last line of a text
unicode-bidi Used together with the direction property to set or return whether the text should be overridden to support multiple languages in the same document
vertical-align Sets the vertical alignment of an element