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CSS Text Spacing

CSS Text Indentation, Letter Spacing, Line Height, Word Spacing, and White Space

In this chapter you will learn about the following properties:

  • text-indent
  • letter-spacing
  • line-height
  • word-spacing
  • white-space

Text Indentation

The text-indent property is used to specify the indentation of the first line of a text:


p {
  text-indent: 50px;
Try it Yourself »

Letter Spacing

The letter-spacing property is used to specify the space between the characters in a text.

The following example demonstrates how to increase or decrease the space between characters:


h1 {
  letter-spacing: 5px;

h2 {
  letter-spacing: -2px;
Try it Yourself »

Line Height

The line-height property is used to specify the space between lines:


p.small {
  line-height: 0.8;

p.big {
  line-height: 1.8;
Try it Yourself »

Word Spacing

The word-spacing property is used to specify the space between the words in a text.

The following example demonstrates how to increase or decrease the space between words:

Example {
  word-spacing: 10px;

p.two {
  word-spacing: -2px;
Try it Yourself »

White Space

The white-space property specifies how white-space inside an element is handled.

This example demonstrates how to disable text wrapping inside an element:


p {
  white-space: nowrap;
Try it Yourself »

The CSS Text Spacing Properties

Property Description
letter-spacing Specifies the space between characters in a text
line-height Specifies the line height
text-indent Specifies the indentation of the first line in a text-block
white-space Specifies how to handle white-space inside an element
word-spacing Specifies the space between words in a text